Farming Solutions for the Future
The world has a real challenge to feed nine billion people by 2050. The land area is getting less and less. This is the real problem after all. But scientists are working hard to create the second green revolution. But to feed nine billion people by 2050 is everyone’s problem. This is why we all need to pay close attention to this global issue. This article will highlight some of the most effective farming solutions for the future.
Maximising Land Area
Intensive farming is an agricultural system that aims to get the maximum yield from the available land area. This technique is used with the help of chemical fertilisers and pesticides which are appropriately used to save the land from pests and crop diseases. Harvest is increased using the aforementioned techniques. Scientists are looking for means to farm the desert. Being quite a large area, farming the desert using the latest technology is one of the best solutions to the food shortage that is bound to happen in the near future.
Growth with Precision
The second important feature of farming solutions for the future include growth with precision. Today, there are GPS steered tractors that could apply fertiliser and water to the exact area of the crop. There are sensors made to measure the moisture, temperature and nutrient data transmitted to the plant. This information will help to derive the best possible harvest of the plantation. The latest technology would allow the crops to grow with precision measurements.
High Yield Crops
There are more than 50% of the world’s population who depend on rice as a staple crop. Scientists are in the process of genetically engineering the photosynthesis process of the crop so they are able to grow more of the crop to fit all environment conditions. This will help to increase the yield by at least 50% per year. The project is scheduled to complete in as little as 10 years. Many scientists are conducting research to turn rice into a super crop so that can withstand environmental diseases and adverse weather conditions.
Another important aspect of the future of agriculture include the replacing of fertiliser. Fertilisers will be improved to provide more nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These elements are essential for plants to build amino acids and cell walls. Scientists are now experimenting with naturally occurring microbes in order to produce effective fertilisers for future plants and crops. The latest experiments showed that field-grown tomato plants fed with microbes would produce 90% more fruits than normal conditions. This is the importance of the latest fertiliser for the crops.
The aforementioned farming solutions are aimed at fulfilling future requirements of food sustainability in the world. These techniques will help to stave off food shortages in the future. This is why it is extremely important to develop innovative farming solutions for the future.